Swimming is an individual or team sport and activity. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. Swimming needs a little coordination. You need to focus on your legs and arms motions, as well as time your breathing and swimming strokes for maximum efficiency and speed. Diving also play an important role in Swimming, swimming also include diving into the water to get a smooth start on your stroke. Once you learn Basic Swimming Skills and feel confident moving around in the water, you can start learning basic swimming strokes such as breast stroke/ freestyle.
“No matter how strong and fit you are, if you don’t have the proper technique, then you won’t go fast.”
9 Basic Swimming Skills:-
An often overlooked basic skill in swimming is the ability to time your breaths. If you’re not comfortable breathing while swimming, you’ll struggle to make streamlined, coordinated movements. The basic idea involves breathing out through both nose and mouth when your head is underwater, then lift your head to the side, taking a full breath before plunging your face back down under the surface. In his book “Swimming: Steps to Success,” David G. Thomas suggests practicing this motion when holding onto the side of the pool with your arms outstretched.
Gliding through the water is a basic skill to master before you even consider kicking and paddling, according to swimming instructor Ian Cross, speaking to “The Guardian.” Gliding helps you to get used to the sensation of moving through the water headfirst. Try gently pushing off the side wall of the pool with your arms stretched out in front of your head. Keep your head face-down in the water and glide until you slow down.
3. Enter the Water With Your Fingers First
Your hand should cut through the water first and then your elbow should follow. Many people don’t bend their arm enough. This means the arm is straight when it enters the water, and therefore the hand and elbow enter the water at the same time. When your hand is straight, you are not able to pull the water efficiently.
4.Place Your Hand in the Center
Your hand should not cross the center-line and it should not be too much to the outside. In fact, it should be right in line with your shoulder. If your hand crosses the center-line, you will zigzag from left to right.
5.Reach as Far as You Can With Your Arm
When your hand enters the water, you need to glide, stretch, and reach as far as you can. You can gain a few inches for every stroke, which would make a huge difference over the course of a swimming race or triathlon.
6. Rotate Your Body
By rotating your body, you can reach much farther with your hands and you can use a lot more strength when pulling the water. By rotating, instead of only using your shoulder, you also use your lats muscles, pectorals, and core. It will also prevent many shoulder injuries.
7.Raise Your Elbows High
By raising your elbows high, your hands will enter the water with the proper angle and you will be able to pull water efficiently because your entire forearm will pull water. This also reduces the drag in the water.
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8.Keep Your Hand Loose
By keeping your hand loose, you maximize the area your hand takes in the water. Don’t keep your fingers tightly pressed together because your arm will be contracted and you will lose energy.
9. Modify Your Kicking Cadence Depending on the Distance
For a sprint, such as 50m, 100m, or 200m, you should kick as much as you can because the event is short and you don’t need to manage your energy. For a longer event, like a 5km or 10km open water swim or an Ironman, you should kick less because you need to conserve energy. In those cases, keep a two-beat kick, which means you do one kick for every stroke.
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