It is said that technical requirement of the individual are more important than mechanical movements in the water. Experts hold the view that over-water. Experts hold the view that over-water actions are of little consequence; but underwater movements are paramount.
In view of all these factors, a swimmer swimming with a technique that suits his physique, power and strength will invariably steal a march over a swimmer swimming mechanically perfectly.
There are various reasons for this sharp difference. “Drag”, for example, stand between speed and a swimmer. Experts say that there are various ‘drag’, which come in a number of forms. The easily identifiable “Drags” according to experts, are wave drag, form and skin friction. All these drags have considerable efforts on body, which is prevented from moving forward through the water.
The positioning of head in water is vital. If any portion of a boat lifts or submerges more than necessary, the boat will not move or cut through water serenely. Speed will therefore be affected. Similar is the position of the head of a swimmer. The less resistance it produced while a swimmer is pulling or recovering, the better it will be for the swimmer to propel.
According to experts, who are supported in their theory by scientists, there should be as little resistance from waves as possible. If this is achieved and the pockets of the water resistance are checked, the swimmer will be able to secure the maximum propulsion. Again, water has a natural resistance of its own to bodies moving through water. The style of stroke and actions in water should be such that they produced the minimum resistance so that their speed is in no way hampered or retarded.
Weight training is deal to develop swimming strength. But it requires hard work and efficient stroke technique ad mechanics to overcome drag or resistance. What is impressed upon pupils by coaches is that all three areas — POWER, FORCE AND WORK are highly important and effective results will accrue only when proper balance is gained.
There are various exercise, such as, top position, surface tuck position, bent knee position, submerged leg position, flamingo position, fishtail position, vertical position, arched straight position, reverse propeller start, back pike position and ballet leg chain.
It requires hour of assiduous workout under competent and capable trainer to acheve rewarding results. The more the workout, the better the outcome. To start with, what is needed is that the performer should be thoroughly at home in the water and should possess a sound grounding in basic watermanship.